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Policy Contribution

Rate expectations: what can and cannot be done about rating agencies

Nicolas Veron scrutinizes the current European debate about credit rating agencies. He warns against restricting the agencies’ freedom of expression or regulating their methodologies, and recommends vastly expanded public disclosure requirements on issuers to improve the quality of risk assessments.

By: Date: October 31, 2011 Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation

Credit rating agencies have been under the spotlight since the beginning of the current financial crisis. They failed in their assessment of US residential mortgage- based securities in the mid-2000s. Nevertheless, investors generally consider credit ratings useful to help form their views on credit risks.

The global market for credit ratings is very concentrated, ostensibly as a consequence of high natural barriers to entry. All three leading rating agencies have headquarter functions in the US, but there is no compelling evidence that this has created an analytical bias.

Tighter regulation of rating agencies can be envisaged but is unlikely to have a material positive effect on ratings quality. Better standardised public disclosures on risk factors by issuers are the most promising avenue for future improvements in credit risk assessments.

This Policy Contribution is based on a briefing note for the Polish Presidency of the Council of the European Union.


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Policy Contribution

Equity finance and capital market integration in Europe

Facilitating the financing of European companies through external equity is a central ambition of European Union financial regulation, including in the European Commission’s capital markets union agenda. Against this background, the authors examine the present use of external equity by EU companies, the roles of listings on public markets, and the regulatory impediments in national laws. They assess to what extent EU market integration has overcome the crucial obstacle of shallow local capital markets.

By: Inês Goncalves Raposo and Alexander Lehmann Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: January 17, 2019
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Podcast

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With 2018 drawing to a close, and the dawn of 2019 imminent, Bruegel's scholars reflect on the economic policy developments we can expect in the new year – one that brings with it the additional uncertainty of European elections.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: Energy & Climate, European Macroeconomics & Governance, Finance & Financial Regulation, Global Economics & Governance, Innovation & Competition Policy Date: December 20, 2018
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Blog Post

Green central banking

A few weeks ago, Silvia Merler discussed the rise of “ethical investing”. A related question emerging from the discussion is whether central banks should also “go green”. Silvia reviews the latest developments and opinions on this topic.

By: Silvia Merler Topic: Energy & Climate, Finance & Financial Regulation Date: December 3, 2018
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Podcast

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Backstage: Transitioning towards sustainable finance

In this episode of the Backstage series, Bruegel's Non-Resident Fellow Dirk Schoenmaker welcomes Molly Scott Cato, a Green party MEP for South West England, for a conversation on the EU's plan to transition towards sustainable finance.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: Energy & Climate, Finance & Financial Regulation Date: November 30, 2018
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Opinion

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As the presidency shifts from Argentina to Japan at Buenos Aires (and then to Saudi Arabia) it is worth asking why the G20 has endured this long and what it needs to remain relevant in a dramatically changed world.

By: Suman Bery Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation, Global Economics & Governance Date: November 29, 2018
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Policy Contribution

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Sustainable investment is gaining momentum in Europe, but its current proposed taxonomy might hinder innovation in the field. In this Policy Contribution, Dirk Schoenmaker advocates for an active investment approach with concentrated portfolios, and sets out a six-point plan for sustainable investing.

By: Dirk Schoenmaker Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: November 28, 2018
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Which steps are needed to really change current practices and speed up sustainable finance?

Speakers: Sophie Barbier, Molly Scott Cato, Cathrine de Coninck-Lopez, Alain Deckers, Edmund Lakin and Dirk Schoenmaker Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: November 28, 2018
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Opinion

Buenos Aires summit is a good place to start fighting back against destructive unilateralism

Ten years after the G20 proved its effectiveness in dealing with the global financial crisis, it needs to step up its efforts to overcome a political crisis, fuelled by destructive unilateralism, that threatens international governance on trade, investment and tax.

By: Uri Dadush, Axel Berger, Andreas Freytag, Simon J Evenett, Christian von Haldenwang, Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz, Raul Ochoa, Agustin Redonda and Karl P Sauvant Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation, Global Economics & Governance Date: November 28, 2018
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European Banking Supervision: the past five years and prospects for the future

This event will look back at the first five years of the Single Supervisory Mechanism.

Speakers: Danièle Nouy and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance, Finance & Financial Regulation Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: November 20, 2018
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Does Europe’s anti-money laundering framework need a regime change?

Proposal for a more efficient fight against money laundering.

Speakers: Raluca Alexandra Pruna, Joshua Kirschenbaum, Tobias Mackie, Olaf Rachstein and Nicolas Véron Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: November 15, 2018
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Brussels Briefing Live: A conversation with Nadia Calviño

The Minister of Finance from Spain discusses challenges ahead of the European Council in December

Speakers: Guntram B. Wolff, Nadia Calviño and Mehreen Khan Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance, Finance & Financial Regulation Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: November 6, 2018
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