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Policy Contribution

A tale of three countries: recovery after banking crises

The purpose of this Policy Contribution is to compare the policy responses in, and the adjustments made byIceland, Ireland and Latvia. Based on this comparison, it draws lessons for exchange rate policy, internal devaluation, capital controls, banking sector restructuring and fiscal consolidation. It makes a strong case for a European banking federation.

By: Date: December 29, 2011 European Macroeconomics & GovernanceFinance & Financial Regulation Tags & Topics

Three small, open European economies — Iceland, Ireland and Latvia – experienced serious trouble during the global financial crisis. Behind their problems were rapid credit growth and expansion of other banking activities in the years leading up to the crisis, largely financed by international borrowing. The crisis hit Latvia harder than any other country, and Ireland also suffered heavily, while Iceland exited the crisis with the smallest fall in employment, despite the greatest shock to the financial system.

The purpose of this Policy Contribution is to compare the policy responses in, and the adjustments made by, the three countries. Based on this comparison, it draws lessons for exchange rate policy, internal devaluation, capital controls, banking sector restructuring and fiscal consolidation. It makes a strong case for a European banking federation.

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External Publication

Europe after Brexit

Europe after Brexit: A proposal for a continental partnership

This paper leaves aside the issue of EU reform and focuses on the desirable EU-UK relationship after Brexit. The authors argue that none of the existing models of partnership with the EU would be suitable for the UK. They propose a new form of collaboration, a continental partnership, which is considerably less deep than EU membership but rather closer than a simple free-trade agreement

By: Jean Pisani-Ferry, Norbert Röttgen, André Sapir, Paul Tucker and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: August 29, 2016
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Blog Post

Nicolas Véron

The IMF’s performance on financial sector aspects of the euro area crisis

The recently published in-depth evaluation of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)’s role in the euro area crisis highlights important contrasts in the area of financial services. The IMF provided highly valuable analysis and recommendations to the EU on its banking sector and related policies. In individual countries (leaving aside Cyprus and the second Greek programme, not covered by this evaluation), the financial-sector aspects of the IMF’s interventions were highly successful in Ireland and Spain, ambiguous in Greece, and a missed opportunity in Portugal.

By: Nicolas Véron Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: August 29, 2016
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Policy Contribution

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The IMF’s role in the euro-area crisis: financial sector aspects

Nicolas Véron reviews in-depth the role played by the IMF in understanding the financial-sector dynamics of the euro-area crisis. The IMF was the first public authority to acknowledge the role of the bank-sovereign vicious circle and to articulate a clear vision of banking union as an essential policy response. At national level, the IMF’s approach to the financial sector was appropriate and successful in Ireland and Spain, more limited in the Greek Stand-By Arrangement, and less compelling in Portugal.

By: Nicolas Véron Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: August 29, 2016
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Bruegel Annual Meetings 2016

The Annual Meetings are a high point in Bruegel's calendar.

Speakers: Michel Barnier, Joachim Bitterlich, Arnoud Boot, Albert Bravo-Biosca, Elmar Brok, Nadia Calviño, Tom Carver, Grégory Claeys, Daniel Daianu, Zsolt Darvas, Paulina Dejmek-Hack, Maria Demertzis, Jeroen Dijsselbloem, Alicia García-Herrero, Sylvie Goulard, Charles Grant, Dominique Guellec, Connie Hedegaard, Michel Houdebine, Vazil Hudák, Brigitte Knopf, Pascal Lamy, Lawrence J. Lau, Matthew Lobner, Robert Madelin, Sylvie Matherat, Simone Mori, Erik F. Nielsen, Barbara Novick, Jean Pisani-Ferry, Romano Prodi, Olli Rehn, Carmen M. Reinhart, André Sapir, Dirk Schoenmaker, Ludger Schuknecht, Egon Schulz, Maroš Šefčovič, Jeremy Shapiro, Scott Stern, Jean-Claude Trichet, Laszlo Varro, Nicolas Véron, Reinhilde Veugelers, Jakob von Weizsäcker, Helen Wallace, Guntram B. Wolff and Georg Zachmann Topic: Energy & Climate, European Macroeconomics & Governance, Finance & Financial Regulation, Global Economics & Governance, Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Autoworld, Brussels, Belgium
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