Blog Post

Chart of the week: GDP down by 0.2% in the euro area

August figures from Eurostat for the euro area show a decrease in GDP for the second quarter of 2012, after stagnating growth rates during the previous three months. While countries such as Austria, Germany and Slovakia have managed to catch up with pre-crisis GDP levels, Greece, Italy and Portugal still struggle with a GDP far below levels in 2007.

By: Date: August 17, 2012 Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance

Eurostat’s estimates of GDP growth for the second quarter of 2012 provide a rather gloomy picture of the current economic situation in Europe. Seasonally adjusted GDP fell by 0.2% both in the euro area and the EU27 in the second quarter of 2012, after close to zero growth rates in the previous quarter. The best performing countries are in Northern Europe; with Austria, Germany, Finland and Sweden all showing positive annual year-on-year GDP growth rates.  The Baltic countries continue to perform well  with respect to the rest of the EU, with an annual year-on-year increase close to 4.3% in the case of Latvia, albeit the growth of their economies are slowing down compared to the end of last year. The most noticeable contraction was in Greece, where annual real GDP fell by 6.2% between the second quarter 2012 and the same period the previous year.[1]

The United States and Japan both experienced a positive annual year-on-year growth of 2.2% and 3.6% respectively. Japan also registered its fourth consecutive quarter of positive GDP growth.

How are the recent figures situated compared to GDP levels ex ante the financial crisis? 

The chart above depicts variations in real GDP between the second quarter of 2007 and the second quarter of 2012. While the euro area average is close to zero, large discrepancies exist between the 17 Member States. Greece, Italy, Ireland and Portugal all experienced output drops towards the end of 2008 or beginning of 2009, and have been on a downward slope since then.  In France, real GDP for the second quarter of 2012 is only back to the 2007 level. Slovakia and Poland, on the other hand, outperformed with a GDP increase close to 13.5% and 19.3% respectively over the five-year period. 

While the 2012 GDP levels in the United States have come to surpass those for the same quarter in 2007, Japan still faces the challenge of catching up with pre-crisis output levels with a GDP for the second quarter of 2012 one percentage lower than the same quarter in 2007.


[1] In the case of Greece, Eurostat data for year-on year variations are calculated from non-seasonally adjusted data.


Republishing and referencing

Bruegel considers itself a public good and takes no institutional standpoint. Anyone is free to republish and/or quote this post without prior consent. Please provide a full reference, clearly stating Bruegel and the relevant author as the source, and include a prominent hyperlink to the original post.


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/bruegelo/public_html/wp-content/themes/bruegel/content.php on line 449
View comments
Read about event More on this topic

Live Event

Mar
26
12:30

Spitzenkandidaten series: Yanis Varoufakis

The first event in the The Road to Europe - Brussels Briefing Live: Spitzenkandidaten series. The series features the lead candidates for the European Elections of six parties and is jointly organised by Bruegel and the Financial Times in March and April 2019.

Speakers: Maria Demertzis, Martin Sandbu and Yanis Varoufakis Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels
Read about event More on this topic

Upcoming Event

Apr
2
12:30

Spitzenkandidaten series: Bas Eickhout

The second event in the The Road to Europe - Brussels Briefing Live: Spitzenkandidaten series. The series features the lead candidates for the European Elections of six parties and is jointly organised by Bruegel and the Financial Times in March and April 2019.

Speakers: Bas Eickhout, Guntram B. Wolff and Rochelle Toplensky Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels
Read about event More on this topic

Upcoming Event

Apr
3
12:30

Spitzenkandidaten series: ALDE

The third event in the The Road to Europe - Brussels Briefing Live: Spitzenkandidaten series. The series features the lead candidates for the European Elections of six parties and is jointly organised by Bruegel and the Financial Times in March and April 2019.

Speakers: Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels
Read about event More on this topic

Upcoming Event

Apr
4
08:30

Spitzenkandidaten series: Jan Zahradil

The fourth event in the The Road to Europe - Brussels Briefing Live: Spitzenkandidaten series. The series features the lead candidates for the European Elections of six parties and is jointly organised by Bruegel and the Financial Times in March and April 2019.

Speakers: Jim Brunsden, Maria Demertzis and Jan Zahradil Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels
Read about event More on this topic

Upcoming Event

Apr
9
12:30

Spitzenkandidaten series: Manfred Weber

The fifth event in the The Road to Europe - Brussels Briefing Live: Spitzenkandidaten series. The series features the lead candidates for the European Elections of six parties and is jointly organised by Bruegel and the Financial Times in March and April 2019.

Speakers: Anne-Sylvaine Chassany, Manfred Weber and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels
Read article More on this topic More by this author

Blog Post

The shadow of Brexit: Guessing the economic damage to the UK

Under a set of assumptions, this post concludes that UK real income and investment would have been 4% and 6% larger respectively had it not been for the shock of the Brexit referendum result. With somewhat audacious assumptions, the damages already incurred can be scaled up to guess the negative macroeconomic consequence of each of the three possible Brexit outcomes: no-deal, deal or no Brexit.

By: Francesco Papadia Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: March 21, 2019
Read about event More on this topic

Upcoming Event

Apr
11
12:00

Spitzenkandidaten series: Frans Timmermans

The sixth event in the The Road to Europe - Brussels Briefing Live: Spitzenkandidaten series. The series features the lead candidates for the European Elections of six parties and is jointly organised by Bruegel and the Financial Times in March and April 2019.

Speakers: Frans Timmermans and André Sapir Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels
Read about event More on this topic

Upcoming Event

Apr
11
12:30

Can the euro area weather the next crisis?

Is the euro area strong enough to make it through another crisis? What reforms are still needed. Klaus Regling will join us for this roundtable event in Washington DC to discuss these questions.

Speakers: Masood Ahmed, Klaus Regling, Maria Demertzis and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: 2055 L Street NW, Washington DC 20036
Read article More on this topic

Blog Post

Talking about Europe: Le Monde 1944-2018

An ongoing research project is seeking to quantify and analyse national printed media discourses about Europe over the decades since the end of the second world war. A first snapshot screened more than 2.8 million articles in Le Monde, out of which 750,000 speak about “Europe”.

By: Enrico Bergamini, Emmanuel Mourlon-Druol, Francesco Papadia and Giuseppe Porcaro Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: March 20, 2019
Read article More by this author

Opinion

New EU industrial policy can only succeed with focus on completion of single market and public procurement

France and Germany recently unveiled a manifesto for a European industrial policy fit for the 21st century, sparking a lively debate across the continent. The fundamental idea underpinning the manifesto is a good one: Europe does need an industrial policy to ensure that EU companies remain highly competitive globally, notwithstanding strong competition from China and other big players. However, the Franco-German priorities are unsuitable for the pursuit of this goal.

By: Simone Tagliapietra Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance, Innovation & Competition Policy Date: March 18, 2019
Read article Download PDF More on this topic

Policy Contribution

The European Union’s response to the trade crisis

The global trading system is under attack on various fronts. In this Policy Contribution, the authors examine the root causes of the current problems, develop good and bad scenarios for what could happen next, and provide recommendations for how the EU should respond.

By: Uri Dadush and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: March 14, 2019
Read article More on this topic More by this author

Podcast

Podcast

Director's Cut: The case for a legislative remedy for recessions

Bruegel's Maria Demertzis welcomes Yale Law School professor Yair Listokin to this Director's Cut of 'The Sound of Economics', to discuss how law might be deployed as a macroeconomic tool to counter financial crisis.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: March 12, 2019
Load more posts