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Policy Brief

The fiscal implications of a banking union

Systemic banking crises are a threat to all countries whatever their development level. They can entail major fiscal costs that can undermine the sustainability of public finances. More than anywhere else, however, a number of euro-area countries have been affected by a lethal negative feedback loop between banking and sovereign risk, followed by disintegration of the financial system, real economic fragmentation and the exposure of the European Central Bank. Recognising the systemic dimension of the problem, the Euro-Area Summit of June 2012 called for the creation of a banking union with common supervision and the possibility for the European Stability Mechanism to recapitalise banks directly. The findings of this paper were presented at the Informal ECOFIN in Nicosia on 14 September 2012.

By: and Date: September 14, 2012 European Macroeconomics & GovernanceFinance & Financial Regulation Tags & Topics

Systemic banking crises are a threat to all countries whatever their development level. They can entail major fiscal costs that can undermine the sustainability of public finances. More than anywhere else, however, a number of euro-area countries have been affected by a lethal negative feedback loop between banking and sovereign risk, followed by disintegration of the financial system, real economic fragmentation and the exposure of the European Central Bank. Recognising the systemic dimension of the problem, the Euro-Area Summit of June 2012 called for the creation of a banking union with common supervision and the possibility for the European Stability Mechanism to recapitalise banks directly.

The findings of this paper were presented at the Informal ECOFIN in Nicosia on 14 September 2012.

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Working Paper

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Reform of the European Union financial supervisory and regulatory architecture and its implications for Asia

This Working Paper reviews recent developments in the EU’s financial supervisory and regulatory architecture with a view to draw out lessons for regional financial regulatory architecture in Asia.

By: Zsolt Darvas, Dirk Schoenmaker and Nicolas Véron Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation, Global Economics & Governance Date: November 17, 2016
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Opinion

Nicolas Véron

Breaking the vicious circle

Nicolas Véron argues that EU banking union can only be complete if the vast amounts of domestic sovereign debt held by many banks are reduced

By: Nicolas Véron Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: October 21, 2016
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Policy Contribution

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What are the prerequisites for a euro-area fiscal capacity?

In this Policy Contribution, Maria Demertzsis and Guntram B. Wolff discuss three progressive steps for strengthening the fiscal framework at the euro-area level. These lead to less interference in national fiscal policymaking thanks to a more credible no-bailout clause, increased risk sharing and different degrees of provision of euro-area-wide public goods and fiscal stabilisation.

By: Maria Demertzis and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: September 9, 2016
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Past Event

Past Event

The Spanish financial crisis: Lessons for the European banking union

Spain is among the countries still recovering from the financial crisis. While misjudged investments were part of the cause, these past mistakes could offer lessons for the European banking union.

Speakers: Miguel Otero-Iglesias, Federico Steinberg, Pia Hüttl, Stefano Neri and Bruegel Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: June 9, 2016
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Blog Post

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Nicolas Véron

European banking supervision: compelling start, lingering challenges

The new European banking supervision system is broadly effective and, in line with the claim often made by its leading officials, tough and fair, but there are significant areas for future improvement.

By: Dirk Schoenmaker and Nicolas Véron Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: June 8, 2016
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Blueprint

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European banking supervision: the first eighteen months

The Blueprint provides a review of the first 18 months of European banking supervision. It reviews the overall situation and the situation in a number of euro-area countries. It provides important insights into the start of a new policy regime that involves profound change for the European banking landscape

By: Dirk Schoenmaker and Nicolas Véron Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: June 8, 2016
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Policy Brief

Financial risks and opportunities in the time of climate change

Financial risks and opportunities in the time of climate change

The current unsustainable use of our environment can lead to financial crisis. To address this risk, financial institutions should measure their exposure to ecological imbalances using methodologies such as carbon and natural capital accounting.

By: Dirk Schoenmaker and Rens van Tilburg Topic: Energy & Climate Date: April 22, 2016
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Blog Post

Silvia Merler

Italy's Atlas bank bailout fund: the shareholder of last resort

Italy’s new bank fund Atlas might be what is needed in the short run, but in the longer term the fund will increase systemic risk. What ultimately matters is how this initiative will affect the quality of bank governance, a key issue for the future resilience of the system.

By: Silvia Merler Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: April 22, 2016
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Opinion

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Beatrice Weder di Mauro
Guntram B. Wolff

Mere criticism of the ECB is no solution

What would happen if the ECB failed to respond to the excessively low inflation and the weak economy? And what economic policy would be suitable under the current circumstances, if not monetary policy?

By: Marcel Fratzscher, Reint Gropp, Hans-Helmut Kotz, Jan Krahnen, Christian Odendahl, Beatrice Weder di Mauro and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: April 10, 2016
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Past Event

Past Event

Stability of EMU and prospects for fiscal union

How can Europe make progress with EMU and move towards a Fiscal Union?

Speakers: Fernando Fernandez, Pia Hüttl, José Leandro, Javier Méndez Llera, Fernando Navarrete and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: March 9, 2016
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Blog Post

Nicolas Véron

Market turbulence highlights bumpy transition to Europe’s new bank policy regime

Concerns about Europe’s banks contributed to turmoil in global financial markets in February, but Europe’s new banking sector policy regime should gradually help reduce uncertainty.

By: Nicolas Véron and Bruegel Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: March 8, 2016
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Policy Contribution

The United States dominates global investment banking: does it matter for Europe?

The United States dominates global investment banking: does it matter for Europe?

Europe’s banks are in retreat from playing a global investment banking role, and this trend is likely to continue in the future. What will be the consequences and what should be the policy response?

By: Charles Goodhart and Dirk Schoenmaker Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation, Global Economics & Governance Date: March 7, 2016
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