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Policy Contribution

A budget for Europe’s monetary union

In a monetary union, national fiscal deficits are of limited help to counteract deep recessions; union-wide support is needed. A common euro-area budget (1) should provide a temporary but significant transfer of resources in case of large regional shocks, (2) would be an instrument to counteract severe recessions in the area as a whole, and (3) would ensure financial stability.

By: Date: December 3, 2012 European Macroeconomics & Governance Tags & Topics

The four main options for stabilisation of regional shocks to the euro area are: unemployment insurance, payments related to deviations of output from potential, the narrowing of large spreads, and discretionary spending. The common resource would need to be well-designed to be distributionally neutral, avoid free-riding behaviour and foster structural change while be of sufficient size to have an impact. Linking budget support to large deviations of output from potential appears to be the best option.

A borrowing capacity equipped with a structural balanced budget rule could address area-wide shocks. It could serve as the fiscal backstop to the bank resolution authority. Resources amounting to 2 percent of euro-area GDP would be needed for stabilisation policy and financial stability.

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Podcast

Podcast

What can the eurozone learn from US monetary history?

Many in the EU look to the USA as a model for monetary union in the Eurozone. But how easy was it to create such a union, and what can Europe learn from the USA’s experience?

By: Bruegel Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: August 12, 2016
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Essay / Lecture

Cover frieden

Lessons for the euro from early US monetary and financial history

In this essay, Jeffry Frieden looks at the process of creating a monetary union in the United States and draws lessons for the EU.

By: Jeffry Frieden Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: May 25, 2016
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Blog Post

Marek Dabrowski

Core and periphery: different approaches to unconventional monetary policy

Compared with the ‘core’ of the world economy, emerging markets have limited room for manoeuvre when it comes to applying unconventional monetary policy measures.

By: Marek Dabrowski Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: May 24, 2016
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Opinion

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p2-Kotz
jan-pieter-krahnen
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Beatrice Weder di Mauro
Guntram B. Wolff

Mere criticism of the ECB is no solution

What would happen if the ECB failed to respond to the excessively low inflation and the weak economy? And what economic policy would be suitable under the current circumstances, if not monetary policy?

By: Marcel Fratzscher, Reint Gropp, Hans-Helmut Kotz, Jan Krahnen, Christian Odendahl, Beatrice Weder di Mauro and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: April 10, 2016
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Blog Post

Pia Hüttl
Alvaro Leandro

Helicopter drops reloaded

What’s at stake: Central banks have recently been scaling up their unconventional monetary policy measures. Discussions about helicopter money seem to be getting ever louder. We review the theoretical discussions, the effectiveness of tax-rebates and legal and political complications

By: Pia Hüttl and Alvaro Leandro Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: March 14, 2016
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Blog Post

Silvia Merler

ECB TLTRO 2.0 - Lending at negative rates

On Thursday, the ECB surprised observers by announcing a new series of four targeted longer-term refinancing operations (TLTRO II) to be started in June 2016. The incentive structure of the programme has changed: on one hand, this TLTRO II could be the first case of lending at negative rates; on the other hand, the link with lending to the real economy might have been weakened.

By: Silvia Merler Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: March 11, 2016
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Blog Post

Alicia García-Herrero

China continues to focus on growth not reform

The central government will hold the National People’s Congress (NPC) meeting on March 5th. All the signs point to more monetary and fiscal stimulus, especially since the G20 gathering in Shanghai. The key is how to use the fiscal stimulus efficiently.

By: Alicia García-Herrero Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: March 4, 2016
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Blog Post

Francesco Papadia
Guntram B. Wolff

Central banks: from omnipotence to impotence?

Like the price of financial assets, the market assessment of the capacity of central banks to achieve their price stability objective fluctuates between omnipotence and impotence. We do not agree with this binary view of the world and we examine in this post the case of the European Central Bank (ECB). We argue that the ECB still has some instruments left. It should consider moving beyond increasing sovereign debt purchases, which would be ineffective and pose risks. More important is to step up work on structural and fiscal policies.

By: Francesco Papadia and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: March 2, 2016
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Blog Post

Jérémie Cohen-Setton

The impotency of central banks

What’s at stake: The negative market reaction to the latest efforts to provide further monetary stimulus has generated an important discussion on whether central banks have lost credibility in their abilities to fight downside risks and shore up economies.

By: Jérémie Cohen-Setton Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: February 22, 2016
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Blog Post

André Sapir

The Eurozone needs less heterogeneity

Misalignments of real exchange rates continue to be the most visible and painful symptom of asymmetric shocks within the Eurozone. An important factor behind such misalignment is the difference in national wage formation and bargaining systems, especially between core and periphery members. This column argues that all members need to have institutions that ensure wage developments are in line with productivity developments. This would eliminate an important source of asymmetric behaviour and reduce resistance to EZ-wide fiscal mechanisms capable of absorbing asymmetric shocks.

By: André Sapir Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: February 17, 2016
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Policy Contribution

The European Central Bank’s quantitative easing programme: limits and risksEuropean Parliament

The European Central Bank’s quantitative easing programme: limits and risks

The ECB has made a series of changes to its QE programme in order to expand the universe of purchasable assets and have more flexibility in the execution of the programme. However this might not be enough to sustain QE throughout 2017. The extension of the programme also raises questions about its potential adverse consequences.

By: Grégory Claeys and Alvaro Leandro Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance, European Parliament Date: February 15, 2016
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Blog Post

Jérémie Cohen-Setton

Blaming the Fed for the Great Recession

What’s at stake: Following an article in the New York Times by David Beckworth and Ramesh Ponnuru, the conversation on the blogosphere was dominated this week by the question of whether the Fed actually caused the Great Recession. While not mainstream, this narrative recently received a boost as Ted Cruz, a Republican candidate for the White House, championed it.

By: Jérémie Cohen-Setton Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: February 1, 2016
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