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Policy Contribution

The Dragon awakes: Is Chinese competition policy a cause for concern?

Chinese merger control might have asymmetrically targeted foreign companies, while favouring domestic companies. However, there are no indications that antitrust control has been used to favour domestic players.

By: Date: October 21, 2013 Innovation & Competition Policy Tags & Topics

Blog post ‘China’s catching up on competition policy enforcement

China’s Anti-Monopoly Law, adopted in 2007, is largely compatible with antitrust law in the European Union, the United States and other jurisdictions. Enforcement activity by the Chinese authorities is also approaching the level seen in the EU. The Chinese law, however, leaves significant room for the use of competition policy to further industrial policy objectives.

The data presented in this Policy Contribution indicates that Chinese merger control might have asymmetrically targeted foreign companies, while favouring domestic companies.

However, there are no indications that antitrust control has been used to favour domestic players.

A strategy to achieve convergence in global antitrust enforcement should include support for Chinese competition authorities to develop the institutional tools they already have, and to improve merger control by promoting the adoption of a consumer-oriented test and enforcing M&A notification rules.

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Alicia García-Herrero
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Trump could give new impetus to EU-China relations

It is too early to say what the Trump administration’s trade policy will look like – but a total cut-off from Asian partners is unlikely. It would harm the US economy, and offer China even more scope to cement its position in Asia. Nevertheless, with TPP and TTIP both looking unlikely, the EU should move fast to build relationships with China and ASEAN countries.

By: Alicia García-Herrero and Jianwei Xu Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: November 15, 2016
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Opportunities and challenges for EU-China trade relations

How can trade relations between the EU and China be strengthened? How can the current situation be improved, and what are the potential challenges to do that?

By: Bruegel Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: November 8, 2016
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The current fairly peripheral role of China in the global financial regulatory system is increasingly problematic. The system needs a guiding vision in which China becomes much more central – a ‘Chinese dream.’ This paper outlines three clusters of initiatives to achieve a global financial regulatory system in which China holds a major position.

By: Nicolas Véron Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation, Global Economics & Governance Date: October 26, 2016
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What consequences would a post-Brexit China-UK trade deal have for the EU?

A China-UK free trade agreement has been extensively discussed since the UK’s vote for Brexit. Many supporters of Brexit argue that the UK’s regained flexibility to strike trade deals with other partners, and in particular with China given its economic size, will be a key advantage. This analysis indicates that a China-UK FTA will be neither as easy nor as clearly advantageous as portrayed by Brexit supporters.

By: Alicia García-Herrero and Jianwei Xu Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: October 7, 2016
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Alicia García-Herrero

The yuan's SDR entry is more symbolism than substance

The yuan's official entry into the International Monetary Fund's basket of reserve currencies on Oct. 1 raised expectations that central banks all over the world would be scrambling to stock up on Chinese money. But the reality is far from that.

By: Alicia García-Herrero Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: October 7, 2016
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Opinion

Alicia García-Herrero

China's state-owned enterprises reform still lacking bite

China has gone through a remarkable transformation in recent decades but tough reforms have become rare, especially since the global financial crisis. Among the many reforms announced since President Xi Jinping's administration took office in March 2013, the most significant for China's economic outlook undoubtedly will be the reform of state-owned enterprises (SOEs).

By: Alicia García-Herrero Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: October 4, 2016
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What does China’s ‘belt and road initiative’ mean for EU trade?

Much has been written about the Belt and Road initiative since Xi Jinping made it Beijing’s flagship initiative in September 2013. There are many interpretations of the initiative’s ultimate objectives, but one objective is clear. The belt and road scheme will bring huge improvements in regional and international connectivity through infrastructure upgrades and trade facilitation across a massive geographic area.

By: Alicia García-Herrero and Jianwei Xu Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: September 20, 2016
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China’s Belt and Road initiative: can Europe expect trade gains?

The Belt and Road aims to ease bottlenecks for cross-border trade in Asia, Europe and Africa. This paper measures empirically whether the reduction in transportation costs will have a positive impact on trade flows for Belt and Road countries and for EU countries. The authors also explore the possibility that the Belt and Road may eventually go beyond its current objectives towards the creation of a free trade area.

By: Alicia García-Herrero and Jianwei Xu Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: September 5, 2016
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China's political agenda for the G20 summit

Chairing the G20 offers China a unique opportunity to set the tone in global economic debates, and the Hangzhou summit is the focus of attention. The author predicts that trade, structural reforms and a bigger global role for China will be Beijing’s three priorities. But how realistic are these goals?

By: Alicia García-Herrero Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: August 22, 2016
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‘Old China’ bad, ‘New China’ good: Growing divergence in Chinese corporate health

Divergence in debt levels and corporate health in China is growing, with many state-owned companies still stuck in the past and new industries such as tourism and healthcare overtaking the old ones. While fiscal and monetary stimulus may temporarily cover up the problems of companies in the old industries, a restructuring of these sectors seems inevitable.

By: Alicia García-Herrero and Bruegel Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: July 26, 2016
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Assessing China’s post-Brexit globalisation strategy

As the world comes to terms with the result of the UK's Brexit referendum, what will it mean for China? The authors suggest that the short-term impact will be smaller for China than for other regions. But there are important considerations further ahead.

By: Alicia García-Herrero, Jianwei Xu and Bruegel Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: July 19, 2016
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The China-Russia trade relationship and its impact on Europe

This paper analyses empirically how increasingly close trade relations between China and Russia might affect the European Union.

By: Alicia García-Herrero and Jianwei Xu Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: July 14, 2016
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