Download publication

Policy Brief

Benefits and drawbacks of European Unemployment Insurance

European Unemployment Insurance is one option for stabilising country specific economic cycles thanks to risk sharing, but it would not substantively influence the area-wide fiscal stance. 

By: , and Date: September 12, 2014 Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance

Prepared for the ECOFIN in Milan on 13 September 2014.

See also interactive simulation to design your own EUI scheme.

The issue

Unemployment in Europe has increased to high levels and economic growth has remained subdued. A debate on additional policy instruments to address the situation is therefore warranted. Fiscal stabilisation mechanisms have not provided adequate fiscal stabilisation during the crisis in some countries nor in the euro area as a whole. Different preferences and historical developments mean that national labour markets are differently organised, which sometimes hinders the efficient working of the monetary union. European Unemployment Insurance (EUI) has been proposed as a measure to contribute to fiscal policy management and improve labour markets.

Policy challenge

European Unemployment Insurance is one option for stabilising country specific economic cycles thanks to risk sharing, but it would not substantively influence the area-wide fiscal stance. Moral hazard problems are significant but can be reduced by a less generous design and more harmonisation of labour markets. The former would, however, reducethe scheme’s stabilisation effect. Reform and harmonisation of labour markets would improve the functioning of monetary union, but would undermine long-standing preferences and ideals which the subsidiarity principle guarantees. The complexity of the design and implementation of EUI and the question of the rightlegal base suggests that it would be a long-term project and not a measure to help quickly the millions currently unemployed.

View comments
Read about event More on this topic

Past Event

Past Event

Perspectives on Universal Basic Income

At this event, we discussed the possible benefits but also the possible disadvantages of Universal Basic Income.

Speakers: Grégory Claeys, Olli Kangas, Professor Philippe Van Parijs and Prof. Dr. Hilmar Schneider Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: July 12, 2017
Read article Download PDF More by this author

Parliamentary Testimony

European Parliament

Combating inequalities as a lever to boost job creation and growth

This presentation was delivered in Brussels at the Employment and Social Affairs Committee (EMPL) of the European Parliament on 29 May 2017.

By: Zsolt Darvas Topic: European Parliament, Testimonies Date: June 20, 2017
Read article More on this topic More by this author

Blog Post

Is Greece’s labour market bouncing back?

After rapid increases in unemployment and large wage reductions, Greece’s labour market is showing signs of recovery. Certain sectors of the economy are showing strong employment growth, which could hint at a broader economic recovery.

By: Zsolt Darvas Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: June 14, 2017
Read article More by this author

Blog Post

The Universal Basic Income discussion

What’s at stake: the concept of a Universal Basic Income (UBI), an unconditional transfer paid to each individual, was prominent earlier this year when Finland announced a pilot project. It’s now back in the discussion as the OECD published a report illustrating costs and distributional implications for selected countries. We review the most recent contributions on this topic.

By: Silvia Merler Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance, Global Economics & Governance Date: June 12, 2017
Read article More by this author

Blog Post

The Mariel Boatlift Controversy

What's at stake: how does immigration affect the wages of local workers? One way to answer this question is by exploiting a natural experiment. The Mariel boatlift of 1980 constituted an ideal experiment - bringing a sudden and large increase of low-skilled workers in just one city - but results are still hotly debated.

By: Silvia Merler Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: June 5, 2017
Read about event

Past Event

Past Event

Inclusive growth: global and European lessons for Spain

Can manufacturing still be a driver for inclusive growth around the world? What European and national policies can foster inclusive growth in Europe? What is the situation in Spain and what can Spain learn from the global and European experiences?

Speakers: Cristina Cabrera, Zsolt Darvas, Maria Demertzis, Alejandra Kindelán, Robert Lawrence and Federico Steinberg Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance, Global Economics & Governance Location: Calle Los Madrazo 36-38 Madrid Date: May 31, 2017
Read article More on this topic More by this author

Blog Post

Dial N for NAIRU, or not?

What’s at stake: The concept of the NAIRU (Non-Accelerating Inflation Rate of Unemployment) has recently divided the minds in the economic blogosphere. We review the most important contributions on its usefulness, its shortcomings, alternatives and we discuss why it is such a contested concept.

By: Pia Hüttl Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: May 22, 2017
Read article More on this topic More by this author

Blog Post

Do we understand the impact of artificial intelligence on employment?

Artificial intelligence is already transforming the world of work, but the future is hard to predict. Some see most jobs at risk of automatisation, while others argue robots will only take on a narrow range of tasks in the coming decades. Nevertheless, we need a broad debate to prepare the appropriate economic policy response to the new industrial revolution.

By: Georgios Petropoulos Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Date: April 27, 2017
Read article Download PDF More on this topic

Policy Contribution

The global decline in the labour income share: is capital the answer to Germany’s current account surplus?

Analysing the major divergences between the three largest euro-area countries in terms of unit labour costs and current accounts, to the broader debate on labour income shares. Data suggests that capital and labour have been complements.

By: Bennet Berger and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: April 26, 2017
Read article More on this topic More by this author

Blog Post

The decline of the labour share of income

What’s at stake: at odds with the conventional wisdom of constant factor shares, the portion of national income accruing to labour has been trending downward in the last three decades. This phenomenon has been linked to globalisation as well as to the change in the technological landscape - particularly “robotisation”. We review the recent literature on this issue.

By: Silvia Merler Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: April 24, 2017
Read article More on this topic More by this author

Podcast

Podcast

Labour mobility in Europe

With anti-immigration sentiment on the rise, we look into the issue of labour mobility in Europe. How does migration affect labour markets and how does perception of migration differ from reality? What are the economic challenges for migrants and how do these challenges reflect on social integration? We try to answer these questions with our guests in this episode of The Sound of Economics.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: April 20, 2017
Read article Download PDF More on this topic

Policy Contribution

Europe’s role in North Africa: development, investment and migration

The authors of this Policy Contribution propose five ways in which EU policymakers can contribute to development in North Africa and build partnerships on trade, investment and migration.

By: Uri Dadush, Maria Demertzis and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: April 8, 2017
Load more posts