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Policy Contribution

The twenty-first century needs a better G20 and a new G7+

In an environment of rapid change in global patterns of trade and wealth creation, a new revamped (but highly representative) grouping should be created within the G20, to provide leadership on key economic policy matters. Euro-area members should give up their individual seats in this G7+, allowing room for China and other large emerging economies. 

By: and Date: November 14, 2014 Topic: Global Economics & Governance

Read also Jim O’Neill and Alessio Terzi’s survey of the G20 sherpas ‘The world is ready for a global economic governance reform, are world leaders?

During the 2008 financial crisis, the G20 was hastily elevated to ‘global economic steering committee’. In the early stages of the crisis, the G20 was an effective forum for crisis containment. As the crisis has eased, however, the G20 has lost both direction and momentum. Governments and policymakers have felt less need to act in unison and have rather refocused on their national agendas, as is their duty and primary function. However, effective global governance is needed permanently, not just in crisis times. It is desirable to have more representative and effective global governance that, among other things, is equipped to prevent crises rather than just react to them.

In an environment of rapid change in global patterns of trade and wealth creation, a new revamped (but highly representative) grouping should be created within the G20, to provide leadership on key economic policy matters. Euro-area members should give up their individual seats in this G7+, allowing room for China and other large emerging economies. Without euro-area countries taking such a step, it would be impossible to reconcile effectiveness and representation in this new G7+, which would take charge of decision making on global economic imbalances, financial and monetary issues. All existing G20 countries, including individual euro-area countries, would however remain in the G20, which could potentially expand and would remain the prime forum for discussion on all remaining matters at global level.

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Alicia García-Herrero

China cannot finance the Belt and Road alone

The One Belt One Road initiative holds great promise for the global economy, but will need a huge amount of finance. Initial presumptions that China would be able to provide all the finance are now unrealistic. Other partners should consider providing finance for some aspects, especially Europe - which has a lot to gain from the project.

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Policy Contribution

PC 13 2017 cover

Central Asia at 25

After a decade of growth based on hydrocarbon booms, Central Asian countries are faced with increasing challenges to complete their transitions to a market economy and towards economic development and integration.

By: Uuriintuya Batsaikhan and Marek Dabrowski Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: May 5, 2017
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By: Marek Dabrowski Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: April 25, 2017
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By: André Sapir Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: April 19, 2017
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External Publication

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Key policy options for the G20 in 2017 to support an open and inclusive trade and investment system

In the face of exceptional challenges, the G20 should step up its efforts in 2017 to preserve the current global trade and investment system, including effective multilateral dispute settlement procedures, while not losing sight of medium-term reforms. The G20 should focus on (1) supporting the World Trade Organization, (2) being upfront about the mixed effects of trade and investment, (3) improving G20 measures to tackle protectionism and (4) promoting investment facilitation.

By: Sait Akman, Axel Berger, Uri Dadush, Simon Evenett, Lise Johnson, Maximiliano Mendez-Parra, Raul Ochoa and Claudia Schmucker Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: April 3, 2017
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By: Guntram B. Wolff Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: March 16, 2017
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Past Event

Past Event

Financing the Belt and Road Initiative

The Belt and Road initiative, recently embarked on by China, aims to improve cross-border infrastructure in order to reduce transportation costs across a massive geographical area between China and Europe.

Speakers: Alicia García-Herrero, SUN Mingxi, Jianwei Xu, Alessandro Carano and Sue Anne Tay Topic: Global Economics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: February 9, 2017
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By: Alicia García-Herrero Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: February 6, 2017
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Alicia García-Herrero
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Is the UK’s role in the European supply chain at risk?

Will the UK’s engagement in European supply chains be at risk once the UK exits the EU?

By: Alicia García-Herrero and Jianwei Xu Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance, Global Economics & Governance Date: December 20, 2016
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