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Essay / Lecture

Europe’s radical banking union

Bruegel scholar Nicolas Véron argues in this thought-provoking essay that banking union ultimately enabled the European Central Bank’s announcement that it would buy large quantities of government bonds if needed and on the condition of a financial support programme.

By: Date: May 5, 2015 European Macroeconomics & GovernanceFinance & Financial Regulation Tags & Topics

Banking Union, even in its current incomplete form, is the single biggest structural policy success of the EU since the start of the financial crisis. This essay presents the sequence of events that led to its inception in late June 2012 and takes stock on its current status of implementation and prospects.

The essay argues forcefully that the political decision to initiate banking union was the decisive factor behind the ECB’s OMT programme, which put an end to the most acute phase of the euro area crisis, and that it also enabled the shift in the European approach to banking crisis resolution from bail-out to bail-in, which was prevented by the earlier policy framework of national banking supervision. In this sense, the banking union decision of mid-2012 was the crucial and largely unrecognized turning point of the entire euro area crisis.

The transfer of supervisory authority over all euro-area banks to the ECB, effective since last November, marks a profound change and is already resulting in more rigorous and consistent supervision.

After a few years of transition, the banking union framework can be expected to lead to a better integrated, more diverse and more resilient European financial system. It will also enhance European influence in shaping global banking regulatory standards and policies.

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Working Paper

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Reform of the European Union financial supervisory and regulatory architecture and its implications for Asia

This Working Paper reviews recent developments in the EU’s financial supervisory and regulatory architecture with a view to draw out lessons for regional financial regulatory architecture in Asia.

By: Zsolt Darvas, Dirk Schoenmaker and Nicolas Véron Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation, Global Economics & Governance Date: November 17, 2016
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External Publication

claeys-ref-2016

What role for the financial markets in Europe?

The European European financial system is too strongly bank-based. How can it be rebalanced to become favourable to growth and employment again? (This paper is only available in French).

By: Grégory Claeys Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: November 16, 2016
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Past Event

Past Event

Financial Stability Conference 2016

How can we fix the deficiencies in the EU financial system? Bank-state-nexus, business models and the missing level playing field

Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Location: ESMT, Schlossplatz 1, 10178 Berlin Date: November 3, 2016
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Opinion

Silvia Merler

An Italian take on banking crisis

The year 2016 has not been good to Italian banks. While resilient to the first wave of financial crisis in 2008, due to their low exposure to US sub-prime products and to the fact that Italy did not have a pre-crisis housing bubble, they have been suffering much from the euro sovereign crisis and the ensuing deteriorating economic conditions.

By: Silvia Merler Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: October 27, 2016
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Opinion

Nicolas Véron

Breaking the vicious circle

Nicolas Véron argues that EU banking union can only be complete if the vast amounts of domestic sovereign debt held by many banks are reduced

By: Nicolas Véron Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: October 21, 2016
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Blog Post

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ECB bank supervision cannot tackle debt restructuring single-handedly

The European Central Bank has begun to tackle a key symptom of banking sector fragility with its proposed guidelines on banks’ management of non-performing loans (NPLs). But detailed targets for the reduction of NPLs and prescriptions for the internal governance and management of distressed assets also represent a new style of more intrusive supervision. For the ECB to succeed in bank rehabilitation, a macroeconomic scenario should guide the deleveraging process, capacity needs to be built, and governments will need to support a more holistic restructuring effort.

By: Alexander Lehmann Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: October 13, 2016
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Policy Contribution

pc-17-16

Fiscal capacity to support large banks

This Policy Contribution outlines a fiscal cost scenario for the recapitalisation of large banks during a severe systemic crisis.

By: Pia Hüttl and Dirk Schoenmaker Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: October 3, 2016
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Policy Contribution

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What are the prerequisites for a euro-area fiscal capacity?

In this Policy Contribution, Maria Demertzsis and Guntram B. Wolff discuss three progressive steps for strengthening the fiscal framework at the euro-area level. These lead to less interference in national fiscal policymaking thanks to a more credible no-bailout clause, increased risk sharing and different degrees of provision of euro-area-wide public goods and fiscal stabilisation.

By: Maria Demertzis and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: September 9, 2016
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Policy Contribution

coverEuropean Parliament

Total assets versus risk weighted assets: does it matter for MREL?

As a consequence of the global financial crisis, various initiatives have been taken in different jurisdictions to ensure the future resolvability of banks without massive use of public funds. In Europe, the BRRD introduced the concept of MREL, which is in the process of being defined.

By: Bennet Berger, Pia Hüttl and Silvia Merler Topic: European Parliament, Finance & Financial Regulation Date: August 9, 2016
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Blog Post

Silvia Merler

Italy’s bail-in headache

Weakness in the Italian banking sector is a major concern for the euro area. Retail investors stand to lose out if BRRD bail-in rules are strictly applied, and many in Italy are seeking an exception for political reasons. However, Silvia Merler argues that this would set a dangerous precedent. She calls for an orderly bail-in, followed by compensation for investors mis-sold unsuitable products.

By: Silvia Merler Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: July 19, 2016
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Blog Post

Schoenmaker pic

Losing “EU passport” would damage City of London

If the UK cannot secure a “Norway” deal and stay within the internal market, the UK will lose the passporting rights which make London attractive as a financial centre. The macroeconomic fall-out from Brexit has also damaged the performance of banks and insurers.

By: Dirk Schoenmaker Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: June 28, 2016
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Past Event

Past Event

European banking supervision: the first eighteen months

After its first 18 months, how has the SSM affected the European banking system?

Speakers: Mario Nava, Dirk Schoenmaker, Nicolas Véron, Pieter Verheugd and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: June 14, 2016
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