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Currency crises in post-Soviet economies — a never ending story?

This paper offers an updated and comprehensive analysis of the currency crises in Russia and the former Soviet Union economies.

By: Date: October 18, 2016 Global Economics & Governance Tags & Topics

This paper is published in the Russian Journal of EconomicsVolume 2, Issue 3, September 2016, Pages 302–326.

Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, its successor states have suffered from cyclical currency crises. The most recent episode of 2014–2016 was caused by a combination of external and domestic factors.

The former include tighter US monetary policy, slower global growth, and declining commodity prices, whereas the latter include the former Soviet Union (FSU) economies’ extreme macroeconomic fragility (a legacy of past crises), numerous microeconomic rigidities and structural distortions in addition to governmental deficits.

In addition, the Russian–Ukraine conflict dealt a heavy blow to both economies and their neighbors. Effective anti-crisis policies must aim at eliminating all deep-rooted causes of repeated financial and macroeconomic turbulence and must involve deep structural and institutional reforms in the entire region.

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Demonetisation: India’s stress test

What were the reasons for the Indian government's sudden decision to remove 86% of hard currency from circulation? Will Modi's monetary intervention achieve its stated aim of fighting corruption? And what will be the wider implications for growth?

By: Suman Bery Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: January 30, 2017
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Challenges to debt sustainability in advanced economies

The gross general government debt-to-GDP ratios in many advanced economies have reached the highest levels in peacetime history and continue to grow, putting into question sovereign solvency in these economies.

By: Marek Dabrowski Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: December 8, 2016
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Policy Contribution

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Are advanced economies at risk of falling into debt traps?

One of the consequences of the global financial crisis has been rapid growth in public debt in most advanced economies. This Policy Contribution assesses the size of public debt in advanced economies and considers the potential consequences of sovereign insolvency.

By: Marek Dabrowski Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: November 10, 2016
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Brexit, the pound and the UK current account

What’s at stake: UK PM Theresa May announced the intention to trigger article 50 by March 2017, the Pound Sterling crashed, and a dispute among Tesco and Unilever has resulted in Marmite shortage. Brexit means Brexit, and it continues to be highly discussed. It would be impossible to summarise all the economic blogosphere on Brexit. Our aim is to periodically update our readers on selected important aspects of what promises to be a long-lived topic of discussion. This time we are looking at economists’ view on the Pound crash and the UK current account.

By: Silvia Merler Date: October 17, 2016
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Opinion

Alicia García-Herrero

The yuan's SDR entry is more symbolism than substance

The yuan's official entry into the International Monetary Fund's basket of reserve currencies on Oct. 1 raised expectations that central banks all over the world would be scrambling to stock up on Chinese money. But the reality is far from that.

By: Alicia García-Herrero Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: October 7, 2016
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Opinion

Georg Zachmann

Nord Stream 2: a bad deal for Germany and Eastern Europe

Georg Zachmann argues that the Nord Stream 2 project is a danger to the European consensus on relations with Russia. What is more, it could undermine efforts to diversify Europe's gas supply and might risk higher prices for Eastern Europe.

By: Georg Zachmann Topic: Energy & Climate Date: July 18, 2016
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Working Paper

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The China-Russia trade relationship and its impact on Europe

This paper analyses empirically how increasingly close trade relations between China and Russia might affect the European Union.

By: Alicia García-Herrero and Jianwei Xu Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: July 14, 2016
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Zsolt Darvas

No Lehman moment on currency markets after Brexit vote

While the pound sterling has lost a lot of its value right after the Brexit vote, from a historical perspective neither the fall of the exchange rate, nor its current level, is unprecedented. The situation is not as severe as it was in the aftermath the collapse of Lehman Brothers.

By: Zsolt Darvas Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: June 30, 2016
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Bank shares take a hard hit following Brexit

In the past five days a number of banks have seen their stock value decline by large amounts.

By: Maria Demertzis Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: June 28, 2016
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China-Russia relations and their impact on Europe

The economic ties between China and Russia are growing. How will this relation affect Europe?

Speakers: Marek Dabrowski, Zsolt Darvas, Alicia García-Herrero, Vasily Gavrilov, Eric Girardin, Matteo Governatori, Iikka Korhonen, Heli Simola, Laura Solanko, SUN Mingxi and Jianwei Xu Topic: Global Economics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: June 21, 2016
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Will China's slowdown bring headwinds or opportunities for Europe and Central Asia?

After years of rapid growth, China's GDP is expanding more slowly. There are fears about the global impact, but could there also be opportunities for Europe and Central Asia?

Speakers: Maurizio Bussolo, André Sapir and Jianwei Xu Topic: Global Economics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: April 29, 2016
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EU Association Agreement could help Ukraine to reform

Ukraine’s closer ties with the EU have been controversial. The Association Agreement is now facing a referendum in the Netherlands. But what exactly is in the agreement, and what could it mean in practice?

By: Marek Dabrowski Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: March 16, 2016
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