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Working Paper

Institutional investors and home bias in Europe’s Capital Markets Union

Zsolt Darvas and Dirk Schoenmaker find strong support for the hypothesis that the larger the assets managed by institutional investors, the smaller the home bias and thereby the greater the scope for risk sharing.

By: and Date: March 6, 2017 Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation

Integrated capital markets facilitate risk sharing across countries. Lower home bias in financial investments is an indicator of risk sharing.

We highlight that existing indicators of equity home bias in the literature suffer from incomplete coverage because they consider only listed equities. We also consider unlisted equites and show that equity home bias is much higher than previous studies perceived. We also analyse home bias in debt securities holdings, and euro area bias.

We conclude that European Union membership may foster financial integration and reduce information barriers, which sometimes limit cross-country diversification.

We calculate home bias indicators for the aggregate of the euro area as if the euro area was a single country and report remarkable similarity between the euro area and the United States in terms of equity home bias, while there is a higher level of debt home bias in the United States than in the euro area as a whole.

We develop a new pension fund foreign investment restrictions index to control for the impact of prudential regulations on the ability of institutional investors to diversify geographically across borders.

Our panel regression estimates for 25 advanced and emerging countries in 2001-14 provide strong support for the hypothesis that the larger the assets managed by institutional investors (defined as pension funds, insurance companies and investment funds), the smaller the home bias and thereby the greater the scope for risk sharing.

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Policy Contribution

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The resolution of non-performing loans (NPLs), a stock of roughly €870 billion in the EU banking industry, is central to the recovery of Europe’s banking sector and the restructuring of the excess debt owed by private sector borrowers. Could the development of distressed debt markets be a new element of capital market deepening in Europe?

By: Alexander Lehmann Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: January 18, 2018
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External Publication

Reconciling risk sharing with market discipline: A constructive approach to euro area reform

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External Publication

Analysis of development in EU capital flows in the global context

The monitoring and analysis of capital movements is essential for policymakers, given that capital flows can have welfare implications. This report, commissioned by the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union, aims to analyse capital movements in the European Union in a global context.

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Upcoming Event

Feb
27
12:30

Bruegel - Financial Times Forum: The future of euro-area governance

The third event in the Bruegel - Financial Times Forum series will look into the future of euro-area governance.

Speakers: Maria Demertzis, Gideon Rachman, Manfred Weber and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels
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Opinion

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By: Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: December 30, 2017
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By: Alicia García-Herrero Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation, Global Economics & Governance Date: December 14, 2017
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By: Konstantinos Efstathiou Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance, Finance & Financial Regulation Date: December 12, 2017
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By: Bruegel Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: December 6, 2017
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By: Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: December 4, 2017
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Policy Brief

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By: Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: December 1, 2017
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By: Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: November 29, 2017
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Parliamentary Testimony

Croatian Parliament

After the crisis: what new lessons for euro adoption?

Key learning for euro adoption lies within the experience of southern euro member states and the macroeconomic performance of euro ‘ins’ and ‘outs’ among newer member states. Zsolt Darvas discusses promising signs for eventual euro adoption in Croatia and the unsuitability of the Maastricht fiscal criteria for joining the euro, in his speech delivered at an event organised in the Croatian Parliament on 15 November 2017

By: Zsolt Darvas Topic: Croatian Parliament, European Macroeconomics & Governance, Testimonies Date: November 20, 2017
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