Download publication

Working Paper

Institutional investors and home bias in Europe’s Capital Markets Union

Zsolt Darvas and Dirk Schoenmaker find strong support for the hypothesis that the larger the assets managed by institutional investors, the smaller the home bias and thereby the greater the scope for risk sharing.

By: and Date: March 6, 2017 Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation

Integrated capital markets facilitate risk sharing across countries. Lower home bias in financial investments is an indicator of risk sharing.

We highlight that existing indicators of equity home bias in the literature suffer from incomplete coverage because they consider only listed equities. We also consider unlisted equites and show that equity home bias is much higher than previous studies perceived. We also analyse home bias in debt securities holdings, and euro area bias.

We conclude that European Union membership may foster financial integration and reduce information barriers, which sometimes limit cross-country diversification.

We calculate home bias indicators for the aggregate of the euro area as if the euro area was a single country and report remarkable similarity between the euro area and the United States in terms of equity home bias, while there is a higher level of debt home bias in the United States than in the euro area as a whole.

We develop a new pension fund foreign investment restrictions index to control for the impact of prudential regulations on the ability of institutional investors to diversify geographically across borders.

Our panel regression estimates for 25 advanced and emerging countries in 2001-14 provide strong support for the hypothesis that the larger the assets managed by institutional investors (defined as pension funds, insurance companies and investment funds), the smaller the home bias and thereby the greater the scope for risk sharing.

View comments
Read article Download PDF More by this author

Policy Contribution

German Bundestag

Charting the next steps for the EU financial supervisory architecture

The combination of banking union and Brexit justifies a reform of the European Banking Authority (EBA) and the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) in the near term, in line with the subsidiarity principle and the accountability of EBA and ESMA and their scrutiny by the European Parliament should be enhanced as a key element of their governance reform.

By: Nicolas Véron Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance, Finance & Financial Regulation, German Bundestag Date: June 7, 2017
Read article More on this topic More by this author

Podcast

Podcast

What's next for France and Europe?

We host a conversation between Jean Pisani-Ferry and Guntram Wolff to discuss what the French election result will mean for France and Europe.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: May 11, 2017
Read article More on this topic

Blog Post

EBA relocation should support a long-term ‘twin peaks’ vision

As the Commission launches a review of European financial supervision, the authors argue that Europe needs to move towards a twin peaks model – dividing supervision of prudential and conduct-of-business issues. But this is a long-term vision, and will require institution building. The immediate priorities are to choose a new home for the EBA and reinforce ESMA.

By: Dirk Schoenmaker and Nicolas Véron Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: April 5, 2017
Read article More on this topic

Blog Post

European spring - Trust in the EU and democracy is recovering

Trust in the EU and satisfaction with democracy are returning in southern European countries, where citizens’ confidence in European institutions was dented during the crisis years.

By: Uuriintuya Batsaikhan and Zsolt Darvas Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: March 24, 2017
Read article More on this topic More by this author

Podcast

Podcast

Banks and borrowers in distress — Europe's NPL crisis

European banks are struggling with high amounts of non-performing loans. We look at the reasons behind this crisis, and how it affects banks, borrowers and the European economy as a whole. Finally, we explore potential solutions.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: March 10, 2017
Read article Download PDF More on this topic

Working Paper

Fundamental uncertainty and unconventional monetary policy: an info-gap approach

This paper applies the info-gap approach to the unconventional monetary policy of the Eurosystem and so takes into account the fundamental uncertainty on inflation shocks and the transmission mechanism.

By: Yakov Ben-Haim, Maria Demertzis and Jan Willem van den End Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: February 28, 2017
Read article More on this topic

Blog Post

Brexit should drive integration of EU capital markets

Brexit offers EU-27 countries a chance to take some of London’s financial services activity. But there is also a risk of market fragmentation, which could lead to less effective supervision and higher borrowing costs. To get the most out of Brexit, the EU financial sector needs a beefed up ESMA.

By: Dirk Schoenmaker and Nicolas Véron Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: February 24, 2017
Read article Download PDF More on this topic

Policy Contribution

Brexit and the European financial system

Brexit will lead to a partial migration of financial firms from London to the EU27. This Policy Contribution provides a comparison between London and four major cities that will host most of the new EU27 wholesale market: Frankfurt, Paris, Dublin and Amsterdam. It gives a detailed picture of the wholesale markets, the largest players in these markets and the underlying clearing infrastructure. It also provides data on professional services and innovation.

By: Uuriintuya Batsaikhan, Robert Kalcik and Dirk Schoenmaker Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: February 9, 2017
Read article Download PDF More on this topic

External Publication

Analysis of developments in EU capital flows in the global context (3rd annual report)

The purpose of this report is to provide a comprehensive overview of capital movements in Europe in a global context.

By: Zsolt Darvas, Konstantinos Efstathiou, Pia Hüttl and Dirk Schoenmaker Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: January 10, 2017
Read article More on this topic More by this author

External Publication

EU economic governance: euro area periphery lessons for Central and Eastern European countries

An analysis of macroecnomic developments shows that Central and Eastern European (CEE) EU member states fared much better in the aftermath of the crisis compared to euro-area periphery countries. Furthermore, they have a better chance to avoid the problems that the euro-periphery countries faced before the crisis.

By: Zsolt Darvas Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: December 9, 2016
Read article Download PDF More on this topic More by this author

External Publication

What role for the financial markets in Europe?

The European financial system is too strongly bank-based. How can it be rebalanced to become favourable to growth and employment again? (This paper is only available in French).

By: Grégory Claeys Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: November 16, 2016
Read article More on this topic More by this author

Blog Post

The IMF’s performance on financial sector aspects of the euro area crisis

The recently published in-depth evaluation of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)’s role in the euro area crisis highlights important contrasts in the area of financial services. The IMF provided highly valuable analysis and recommendations to the EU on its banking sector and related policies. In individual countries (leaving aside Cyprus and the second Greek programme, not covered by this evaluation), the financial-sector aspects of the IMF’s interventions were highly successful in Ireland and Spain, ambiguous in Greece, and a missed opportunity in Portugal.

By: Nicolas Véron Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Date: August 29, 2016
Load more posts