Can migration work for all in Europe?
On 9 January Bruegel together with the IMF organized a conference on migration and whether it can work for all in Europe.
Anna Ilyina kicked off the session by presenting research carried out by the IMF on the economic impact of emigration from Eastern Europe. The analysis was conducted from the sender country’s perspective and highlighted the effects operating through the outflows of labour and inflows of remittances. Ilyina noted that while the impact on public finances was limited, there is evidence that emigration hurt labour productivity and led to higher wages. Moreover, remittances’ positive effect on consumption and investment in the home country was counterbalanced by discouraging labour market participation. Overall, the conclusion was that emigration slowed per capita GDP growth in Eastern Europe to the extent that it halted convergence with the rest of Europe.
Stefano Scarpetta took the opposite view, that of the receiving country, and touched on the economic impact for all Europe. Scarpetta pointed to the high contribution of migration to the increase in the labour supply – 70% of the total in Europe. Nevertheless, he added that large gaps in unemployment rates and employment participation exist between the native and foreign-born population in Europe, in contrast to other OECD countries like the US. He, thus, concluded that the key challenges for Europe is to make better use of migrants’ skills, improve the educational performance of migrant children and restore public confidence on migration issues.
Alessandra Venturini closed the first session with a presentation focusing integration process. However, Venturini first outlined the demographic factors that contribute to the demand for migration in Europe. She remarked that the integration process begins too late and often only triggered by failure, whereas she favoured an approach of immediate intervention and life-long monitoring. Venturini also highlighted the role of linguistic ability of migrants and ties with the country of origin as key factors determining the success of integration. On the refugee crisis, her comment was that more solidarity is needed, not only within Europe but especially with the involvement of other countries, such as Russia and China. Venturini concluded stating that communication of research on migration has to address the anxieties of public opinion.
AUDIO & Video recording
Presentation by Stefano Scarpetta
Welcome coffee and check in
Establishing the facts
Chair: Maria Demertzis, Deputy Director
Anna Ilyina, Division Chief, International Monetary Fund
Stefano Scarpetta, Director, Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, OECD
Alessandra Venturini, Deputy Director Migration Policy Center,Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute (EUI)
Migration, welfare and labor mobility: European and national challenges
David Lipton, First Deputy Managing Director,IMF
Chair: Guntram B. Wolff, Director
Michał Boni, Member of the European Parliament
Gianpiero Dalla Zuanna, Member of Senate, Italy
Samuel Engblom, Policy director, The Swedish Confederation of Professional Employees (TCO)
Antje Gerstein, Managing Director, Head of Brussels Office, Confederation of German Employers' Associations (BDA)
Member of the European Parliament
Gianpiero Dalla Zuanna
Member of Senate, Italy
Policy director, The Swedish Confederation of Professional Employees (TCO)
Managing Director, Head of Brussels Office, Confederation of German Employers' Associations (BDA)
Division Chief, International Monetary Fund
First Deputy Managing Director,IMF
Director, Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, OECD
Deputy Director Migration Policy Center,Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute (EUI)
Guntram B. Wolff
Location & Contact