Past Event

Towards a zero-carbon and digital energy system: which policy challenges for Europe?

Decarbonisation and digitalisation: two mega trends that will change the European energy system.

Date: October 27, 2016, 12:30 pm Energy & Climate Tags & Topics

SUMMARY

SEE BELOW FOR THE VIDEO, AUDIO AND EVENT MATERIALS

In this event, Simone Tagliapietra presented the preliminary results of a Bruegel study on the main trends of the energy sector: decarbonization, digitalization and decentralization. The 2030 decarbonization targets are binding, as do the ones related to the 2050 scenario, so all energy sectors need to be considered. In the electricity sector, the main decarbonization pathways are energy efficiency, increased role of renewables and CCS (Carbon Capture and Storage). Each of them have important issues or constraints, but should be parallelly employed to reach the long-term goals. Heating and cooling has never been tackled until recently, although it represents 50% of the EU total final energy consumption. It is a highly fragmented market and thus needs to be tackled at the local level, for instance through district heating and recovering waste heat from industrial clusters. The transport can be decarbonized thanks to an improvement of ICE efficiency, an increased role for public transport and a modal shift towards bike- and car-sharing. Industry has similar decarbonization options to the energy sector and also in this case the coordination at the local level is crucial.

There are two main policy challenges that stem from this analysis. An increased interaction between sectors, favored by ICT, implies the emergence of new industrial models, the need for new market designs and a higher coordination between the EU, national and local levels of governance. Secondly, the role of cities will have to increase. The Covenant of Mayors is a good initiative, but more competences and fiscal space should be given to cities, taking inspiration from virtuous examples such as Copenhagen.
Mark van Stiphout explained the main initiative by the EU Commission on renewables, energy efficiency, heating and cooling and energy market legislation. The Juncker Commission is no more operating in silos, with better links across areas. The commitment of the EU to COP21 needs to be linked to jobs and growth, thanks to innovation, access to capital and investments. To release the potential for decarbonization of heating and cooling, renewables will have to be integrated into the electricity market and be allowed more flexibility, using the house as a storage unit and thanks to demand-response. A greater value should be given to flexibility, to make it easier to participate in the electricity market, by exploiting the digitalization trend. However, one should be aware of risks of such transition, such as the technology lock-in. Cities should act as a facilitator and investor for consumers to be integrated in the system. Such level of decentralization in only made possible by ICT and we thus need clearer rules on interoperability, standardization and accessibility of data.

Jean Jacques Marchais dwelled with the three main trends of the energy sector. Decarbonization: the Paris agreement came into force very quickly but the 2 degrees goal is still too far. We should invest in energy efficiency and renewables. Decentralization: half of power generation will be distributed, batteries’ prices are plunging and energy users will become prosumers. All these developments point at districts, as the aggregation of citizens and businesses, to have a key role. Digitization: ICT allows all such trends, but must be secure and reliable. Privacy and cybersecurity issues must be tackled at the policy level.

Michael Grubb stressed as well the importance of the “three D’s”. Decarbonization, in particular, is not seen as a major political driver but as an input to innovate the system. Regarding decentralization, the main question is whether there is enough capacity for cities’ needs. MG then pointed out that in Southern Europe there is enough solar power as in Northern Europe there is wind, especially off-shore, so it is more an internal issue. Indeed, the EU market works well for optimizing and allocating efficiently resources, but then the redistribution task related to social investment is up to national governments.

Event Notes by Enrico Nano 

VIDEO AND AUDIO RECORDING


EVENT MATERIALS

Presentation by Simone Tagliapietra

Presentation by Jean-Jacques Marchais

Presentation by Michael Grubb

 

Schedule

Oct 27, 2016

12:30-13:00

Check in and lunch

13:00-13:30

Presentation by Simone Tagliapietra

13:30-14:00

Panel debate

Chair: Alissa Decarbonnel, EU Energy & Environment Correspondent, Thomson Reuters

Michael Grubb, Professor of International Energy and Climate Change Policy at University College London, London, UK

Jean Jacques Marchais, Schneider Electric

Mark van Stiphout, Deputy Head of Unit "New energy technologies, innovation and clean coal".

14:00-14:30

Q&A

14:30

End

Speakers

alissa-small1

Alissa Decarbonnel

EU Energy & Environment Correspondent, Thomson Reuters

grubb-photo

Michael Grubb

Professor of International Energy and Climate Change Policy at University College London, London, UK

jean-jacques-marchais

Jean Jacques Marchais

Schneider Electric

Mark van Stiphout

Deputy Head of Unit "New energy technologies, innovation and clean coal".

Simone Tagliapietra

Simone Tagliapietra

Research Fellow

Location & Contact

Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels

Matilda Sevón

Matilda Sevón

matilda.sevon@bruegel.org +32 2 227 4212

Read about event

Past Event

Past Event

Brexit and trade: what EU and WTO rules imply

Bruegel in collaboration with Leuven Centre For Global Governance Studies organizes an event at which we will discuss the options for redesigning trade relations in the post-Brexit era.

Speakers: Viktoria Dendrinou, Hosuk Lee-Makiyama, Petros C. Mavroidis, André Sapir and Prof. Jan Wouters Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance, Global Economics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: February 6, 2017
Read about event More on this topic

Past Event

Past Event

State Aid and Tax Rulings

When do national tax rulings violate EU state aid rules? Does the European Commission's approach raise concerns about Member State Sovereignity and what is the impact on corporate investments in Europe?

Speakers: Clemens Fuest, Damien Neven, Gert-Jan Koopman, Nicole Robins and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: February 1, 2017
Read about event More on this topic

Past Event

Past Event

Europe’s growth champion: will Poland’s success continue?

An event at which Marcin Piatkowski will present the key messages from a book on Poland that he is writing for Oxford University Press.

Speakers: Dan Bucşa, Maria Demertzis, Alexander Lehmann, Marcin Piatkowski and Paweł Samecki Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: January 31, 2017
Read about event More on this topic

Past Event

Past Event

Achieving inclusive growth: what have we learnt?

Inclusive growth has been the exception globally, and will be a greater challenge in the future. Achieving it has to be central to our agenda, but requires rethinking and reprioritisation.

Speakers: Tharman Shanmugaratnam and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: Global Economics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: January 26, 2017
Read about event More on this topic

Past Event

Past Event

Why are think tanks more important now than ever before?

Video And audio recording A number of campaigns fought in 2016 would appear to have been won or lost on evidence and analysis that did not stand up to scrutiny. Indeed, the very nature of ‘factual’ information was undermined with large parts of the public unwilling to accept conventional positions on matters of global import. […]

Speakers: Matt Dann, Sophie Gaston, Dr. Corinna Hörst, Dr. Olena Prystayko and Paweł Świeboda Topic: Global Economics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: January 26, 2017
Read about event More on this topic

Past Event

Past Event

The future of EU trade policy

We are happy to welcome the European Commissioner for Trade Cecilia Malmström to Bruegel on 24 January to talk about the future of the EU's trade policy.

Speakers: David Bremmer, Cecilia Malmström and André Sapir Topic: Global Economics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: January 24, 2017
Read about event More on this topic

Past Event

Past Event

Implications of the new US trade policy by the incoming president Trump

An event about the implications of Donald Trump's emerging trade agenda on global trade.

Speakers: Adam Posen, André Sapir, Guntram B. Wolff and Xiang Yu Topic: Global Economics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: January 19, 2017
Read about event More on this topic

Past Event

Past Event

Debt restructuring through better insolvency standards

What potential to revive European enterprises?

Speakers: Catherine Bridge Zoller, Philip Hertz, Alexander Lehmann, Sarah Paterson and Andreas Stein Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: January 18, 2017
Read about event More on this topic

Past Event

Past Event

Can migration work for all in Europe?

On 9 January Bruegel together with the IMF organized a conference on migration and whether it can work for all in Europe.

Speakers: Michał Boni, Gianpiero Dalla Zuanna, Maria Demertzis, Samuel Engblom, Antje Gerstein, Anna Ilyina, David Lipton, Stefano Scarpetta, Alessandra Venturini and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: January 9, 2017
Read about event More on this topic

Past Event

Past Event

Transition for all: equal opportunities in an unequal world

How inclusive is growth in transition countries? Post-communist countries are becoming more prosperous but many people are being left behind, risking setbacks in political and economic development.

Speakers: Heather Grabbe, Zsolt Darvas, Katarina Mathernova, Sergei Guriev and Jonathan Charles Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: December 7, 2016
Read about event More on this topic

Past Event

Past Event

Labour mobility after Brexit

What will Brexit mean for the free movement of workers between the UK and the EU?

Speakers: Lindsey Barras, Zsolt Darvas, Jonathan Portes and Klaus F. Zimmermann Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: December 2, 2016
Read article Download PDF More on this topic

Policy Contribution

pc-22-16

Going local: empowering cities to lead EU decarbonisation

Decarbonisation and digitalisation are reshaping the European energy system, which will become more decentralised and interconnected with other sectors. Cities have the opportunity to be the key drivers of decarbonisation, but this will require the implementation of a new bottom-up governance system. This paper outlines a four-step mechanism in order to achieve decarbonisation at city level.

By: Simone Tagliapietra and Georg Zachmann Topic: Energy & Climate Date: November 30, 2016
Load more posts