Bruegel datasets

Global and regional Gini coefficients

Last update: 19 April 2018


This database includes updated global and regional Gini coefficient estimates from the paper:

Darvas, Zsolt (2016) ‘Some are more equal than others: new estimates of global and regional inequality’, Working Paper 2016/08, Bruegel, 7 November 2016

Indicators of income distribution, such as quantile income shares and the Gini coefficient, are available for individual countries, but from official statistical sources they are not available for the world as a whole or for various country groups.

This dataset includes annual data from 1988-2015 (or 1988-2016 for EU countries) on global and regional Gini coefficient estimates, using various methodologies, for the following country groups:

  • 146 countries
  • 37 Advanced countries
  • 109 Emerging and developing countries
  • 18 Emerging and developing Asian countries and ASEAN-5
  • 32 Sub-Saharan African countries
  • 12 Commonwealth of Independent States countries
  • 28 European Union countries
  • 27 European Union countries (not including Croatia)
  • 15 European Union countries (members before 2004)
  • 13 European Union countries (members joined in 2004-13)
  • 24 Latin American  and the Caribbean countries
  • 12 Middle East and North African countries