Decarbonisation and digitalisation are reshaping the European energy system, which will become more decentralised and interconnected with other sectors. Cities have the opportunity to be the key drivers of decarbonisation, but this will require the implementation of a new bottom-up governance system. This paper outlines a four-step mechanism in order to achieve decarbonisation at city level.
Negotiations on the UK's exit from the EU have not yet begun, but the UK leadership needs to find a balance between single market access and free movement. There are also tensions between the demands of voters and what EU partners can plausibly agree. Guntram Wolff doubts the likelihood of a Norway- or Switzerland-style deals, and urges caution on all sides.
As the United Kingdom will hold a referendum before the end of 2017 on its continued EU membership, Emmanuel Mourlon-Druol draws lessons from the first UK referendum of 1975 on the EU.
The United Kingdom, whose new majority Conservative government has pledged to hold a referendum on European Union membership by the end of 2017, perhaps even next year, is not the outlier that it is often portrayed as being.
On 7 June 2015 Turkey voted in its 24th general election. In cooperation with the Istanbul Policy Center, Bruegel hosted a conference on 10 June to discuss the results, the economic and political prospects and Turkey-EU relations.
Memos to the new EU leadership.
Last week, President Elect Jean-Claude Juncker published his agenda for Europe. To inform the policy debate, we would like to highlight and summarize some of the key research Bruegel scholars have done over the last years covering the issues raised.
This memo is addressed to the incoming Presidents of the European institutions. It is the first in a series of memos to the new European leadership to be launched in September, which will address individual Commissioners with priorities for their portfolio.
Guntram Wolff introduces his upcoming policy brief addressed to the new Presidents of the Commission, Parliament, and Council. In this memo him and Andre Sapir, Senior Fellow at Bruegel, set the agenda these leaders should adopt. The paper will be available soon on the Bruegel site.
Sandro Gozi – Undersecretary of State for European Affairs – of Italy and Gregor Peter Schmitz – journalist at Der Spiegel – came together at Bruegel on June 20 to discuss the Italian presidency’s strategy for the EU. "The EU needs a fresh start," Gozi noted. "And a fresh start is the motto we have […]
The EU is in the process of negotiating its 2014-20 financial framework. Failure to reach an agreement would imply a delay in the preparation of the strategic plans each member state puts together to explain how it will use Structural and Cohesion Funds. Even if solutions are found – for example annual renewals of the budget based on the previous year's figures – there will be political and institutional costs. EU leaders have too often and too forcefully advocated the use of the EU budget for growth to be able to drop the idea without consequences.