The depiction of the euro area/European Union (EU) as a ‘fourfold union’ emerged in the first half of 2012 at the height of the euro-area crisis. In the past half-decade, Europe’s financial union has been significantly strengthened but remains incomplete and is challenged by Brexit. No consensus has been found on fiscal union and economic union has not made material progress, but political union might have advanced further than many observers realize.
As regulators rush to strengthen banking supervision and implement bank resolution regimes, a macro approach to resolution is needed that considers both the contagion effects of bail-in and the continuing need for a fiscal backstop to the financial system. This can be facilitated through the completion of a banking union in which the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) becomes the fiscal backstop to the euro-area banking system.
This workshop aims to investigate the trade-offs involved in the next steps of decision-making for the future EU27 policy regarding central counterparties (CCPs / clearing houses).
The current fairly peripheral role of China in the global financial regulatory system is increasingly problematic. The system needs a guiding vision in which China becomes much more central – a ‘Chinese dream.’ This paper outlines three clusters of initiatives to achieve a global financial regulatory system in which China holds a major position.
Financial supervisors must provide the public with more information about the European banking sector in order to ensure financial stability. The level of transparency in national supervision of banks has dropped since 2013.
“Financial supervisory transparency” has been on the agenda of international financial institutions for some time. It concerns the public availability of data supervisors have on the financial industry. Using a new measure of data reporting to international financial institutions like the IMF and World Bank, we show that financial supervisory transparency is particularly lacking in Europe. We make recommendations for EU institutions to improve it.
This paper introduces a new international financial regulatory data transparency index - the Financial Regulatory Transparency (FRT) Index - in order to address the exisiting gap in measuring regulatory transparency.
Debt levels in transition economies have risen by 25% relative to GDP since the financial crisis, yet there is still a huge gap in growth-friendly investment. Which financial tools could offer the region the diversified funding needed to support convergence?
This paper reviews the steps that China has taken towards financial reform with a particular focus on capital account liberalisation and internationalisation of the use of the renminbi.