inflation

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Silvia Merler

The inflation basket case

Inflation in the euro area has finally reached 2%. But Draghi is right to warn that the underlying dynamics do not point to this being a self-sustaining trend. Breaking down the numbers shows that many inflation basket items are still showing weak price growth or even deflation.

By: Silvia Merler Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: March 17, 2017
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Pia Hüttl

Inflation's comeback

What at stake: After years of deflationary pressures and anaemic economic performance, inflation seems to be on the rise again, both in the US and the euro area. Does this comeback mark a return to target? Will it be sustained, and what should central banks be thinking? These are among the questions raised in the blogosphere.

By: Pia Hüttl Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: February 13, 2017
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Policy Contribution

pc15_16European Parliament

Low long-term rates: bond bubble or symptom of secular stagnation?

Yields on European sovereign bonds have reached historically low levels in 2016. This secular decline in long-term sovereign yields is not limited to the euro area. Why are interest rates currently so low? Are low long-term trates justified by fundamental factors or is it an artificial phenomenon?

By: Grégory Claeys Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance, European Parliament, Parliamentary Testimonies Date: September 26, 2016
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Opinion

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Beatrice Weder di Mauro
Guntram B. Wolff

Mere criticism of the ECB is no solution

What would happen if the ECB failed to respond to the excessively low inflation and the weak economy? And what economic policy would be suitable under the current circumstances, if not monetary policy?

By: Marcel Fratzscher, Reint Gropp, Hans-Helmut Kotz, Jan Krahnen, Christian Odendahl, Beatrice Weder di Mauro and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: April 10, 2016
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Opinion

Agnès Bénassy-Quéré
Guntram B. Wolff

ECB decisions put lack of fiscal union in the spotlight

Fiscal policy in the euro area is hardly supporting the recovery and the ECB. The EU needs a a proper fiscal union in order to stabilise the economy and inflation. We see four main avenues for achieving a viable fiscal framework.

By: Agnès Bénassy-Quéré and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: March 30, 2016
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Francesco Papadia
Guntram B. Wolff

Central banks: from omnipotence to impotence?

Like the price of financial assets, the market assessment of the capacity of central banks to achieve their price stability objective fluctuates between omnipotence and impotence. We do not agree with this binary view of the world and we examine in this post the case of the European Central Bank (ECB). We argue that the ECB still has some instruments left. It should consider moving beyond increasing sovereign debt purchases, which would be ineffective and pose risks. More important is to step up work on structural and fiscal policies.

By: Francesco Papadia and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: March 2, 2016
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Jérémie Cohen-Setton

The impotency of central banks

What’s at stake: The negative market reaction to the latest efforts to provide further monetary stimulus has generated an important discussion on whether central banks have lost credibility in their abilities to fight downside risks and shore up economies.

By: Jérémie Cohen-Setton Topic: Global Economics & Governance Date: February 22, 2016
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Jérémie Cohen-Setton

Oil and stock prices

What’s at stake: The recent positive link between oil and stock prices has been puzzling for most observers. While a decrease in the price of oil was traditionally seen as a net positive for oil importing countries such as the United States, the concurrent declines in the price of oil and the US stock market suggest that the relationship may be different in the current environment.

By: Jérémie Cohen-Setton Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: January 25, 2016
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ligthart
Ashoka Mody

The ECB and the Fed: a comparative narrative

Although the Great Recession was viewed as a US problem, the Eurozone was affected by it from the start. This column compares the monetary policy responses to the Crisis by the Fed and the ECB. It argues that the US approach has been much more aggressive and proactive. The ECB failed to provide stimulus when needed, and as a result the Eurozone might slip into a low-inflation trap.

By: Dae Woong Kang, Nick Ligthart and Ashoka Mody Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: January 21, 2016
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Zsolt Darvas
Pia Hüttl

Oil prices and inflation expectations

The price of crude oil has fallen even further in recent weeks, as have financial market measures of inflation expectations in the euro area, the US and the UK. We show that low oil prices drag down inflation expectations up to 5-6 years ahead, which is puzzlingly long and suggests that financial market based inflation expectations should be assessed cautiously.

By: Zsolt Darvas and Pia Hüttl Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: January 21, 2016
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Past Event

Past Event

Central banking after the great recession

Have Central Banks lost their ability to control domestic inflation? Are macroprudential tools sufficient to ensure financial stability? Do new monetary tools, a closer relationship with fiscal policy and the renewed financial stability mandate require a new central banking paradigm?

Speakers: Ignazio Angeloni, Markus K. Brunnermeier, Claudia M. Buch, Grégory Claeys, Charles Goodhart, Dirk Schoenmaker, Andrzej Rzońca, Cecilia Skingsley and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: January 18, 2016
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Zsolt Darvas

Has ECB QE lifted inflation?

Euro-area headline inflation has remained close to zero since the ECB stepped up its quantitative easing programmes in early 2015, but this does not mean that QE has been ineffective: core inflation and its adjusted version for the indirect effects of low oil prices have steadily increased throughout 2015.

By: Zsolt Darvas Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: January 12, 2016
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