New inventions build on earlier inventions, so patent citations are one indication of who is standing on whose shoulders. We show that four low-carbon technologies (wind, solar, electric vehicles and batteries) exhibit markedly different patterns of citation behaviour. If technology spillovers are structurally different between sectors, this could imply that policies to support innovation clusters would need different approaches. Differentiated policies could range from promoting individual champions for technologies with strong internal spillovers, to supporting regional eco-systems for technologies with more fuzzy spillovers.
Geo-blocking is a discriminatory practice that is wide-spread in EU. It prevents online customers from accessing and purchasing products or services from a website based in another member state
FinTech is changing the financial sector. What are the challenges associated with this and what policies should we adopt in response?
Bruegel together with the Association for Competition Economics (ACE), is hosting an event on standardization and SEP licensing.
Artificial intelligence is already transforming the world of work, but the future is hard to predict. Some see most jobs at risk of automatisation, while others argue robots will only take on a narrow range of tasks in the coming decades. Nevertheless, we need a broad debate to prepare the appropriate economic policy response to the new industrial revolution.
Do the European Commission's recent initiatives put us on the right path?
What are the challenges of financing scale-ups, and how can long-term public policies support the creation of a better scale-up environment?
Artificial intelligence is much talked about, but what exactly is it? Georgios Petropoulos explores the origins, methods and potential of machine learning.
Technological advancement is moving us towards the artificial intelligence era. How different will our lives be in this new era? How will AI change the nature of work, and how will it affect politics? Is the development of AI something to fear or something to be optimistic about? Our guests tackle these issues and more in this episode of The Sound of Economics.
What’s at stake: A number of recent contributions accuse China of acquiring technology from abroad without respecting international rules. This blog reviews the current debate that focuses on China’s supposed push to modernise its industry and the challenges for advanced economies. By leapfrogging to high-tech manufacturing products, the strategy threatens the competitive advantage of the US and the EU. The international rules-based order is put to a test facing large-scale government support to high-value added sectors and anti-competitive behaviour.
Rob Atkinson, the founder and president of the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation presented his research work on the impact of artificial intelligence on our lives.
At this event Bruegel, together with EIB and the World Economic Forum will launch a White Paper on inclusive growth and competitiveness in Europe.