What can Ukraine do to foster economic growth? How can the EU and other international partners help Ukraine with this process?
How can increased access to finance benefit SMEs in the Middle East and Central Asia? What reforms are needed to encourage SME financial inclusion?
The Commission's White Paper on the future of the EU sets out five scenarios, but misses the fundamental questions facing Europe. How should the EU interact with its neighbourhood? How can we manage the tensions created by multi-speed integration? And above all how can the Euro be made sustainable in the absence of a major step towards fiscal union?
Georg Zachmann argues that the Nord Stream 2 project is a danger to the European consensus on relations with Russia. What is more, it could undermine efforts to diversify Europe's gas supply and might risk higher prices for Eastern Europe.
The energy landscape of the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean is inefficient and unsustainable. Yet there is much potential for cooperation. How could the EU work with this region to improve energy systems?
Speech held at Bruegel event on "How will the Paris agreement impact EU climate and energy policies?", on 8 February 2016.
The COP21 negotiations in Paris resulted in ambitious targets but little detail on implementation. Which measures should the EU now take? Bruegel was pleased to welcome Commissioner Cañete for a discussion on the proposed Commission Work Programme for 2016.
Instead of doing everything to reduce gas supplies from key suppliers, gas supply security could more effectively be safeguarded by ensuring that unused alternatives are maintained so that they can be tapped into for in case of supply disruption.
Simone Tagliapietra and Georg Zachmann argue that instead of doing everything to reduce gas supplies from key suppliers like Russia, gas supply security could more effectively be safeguarded by ensuring that unused alternatives are maintained. They could then be tapped into for an indefinite period in the case of supply disruption from a key supplier.
The recent discovery of the large Zohr gas field in offshore Egypt - the largest ever made in the Mediterranean Sea - might completely change the regional gas outlook.
The Iranian nuclear deal reached in July can potentially reshape the Iranian economy in general and its energy sector in particular. On the basis of this historical step, many voices suggested that Iran might (or should) become a new gas supplier to Europe. We suggest that there are important impediments to significant commercial gas flows from Iran to the EU in the foreseeable future. We argue, however, that cooperation on a limited pilot project could have strategic value.
The 2014 Ukraine crisis reinforced the EU’s quest for security of gas supply. The European Commission released an Energy Union Communication in February, calling for intensified work on the Southern Gas Corridor (SGC) and for the establishment of a new strategic energy partnership with Turkey.