China, the European Union (EU) and the United States (US) are responsible for the majority of global emissions of greenhouse gases, and produce about half of global GDP. Hence, their climate policies not only determine the success of global efforts to curb future emissions of greenhouse gases, but also affect policy developments in other countries. The aim of this report is to assist policy-makers, climate change negotiators and analysts to understand the domestic constraints and opportunities facing each jurisdiction, and to identify areas of common interest or concern between the three jurisdictions.
Decarbonisation and digitalisation are reshaping the European energy system, which will become more decentralised and interconnected with other sectors. Cities have the opportunity to be the key drivers of decarbonisation, but this will require the implementation of a new bottom-up governance system. This paper outlines a four-step mechanism in order to achieve decarbonisation at city level.
As the European Commission releases its new energy package, “Clean Energy for all Europeans”, our authors argue that cities are the key to success. They propose a new governance mechanism where cities develop and implement ambitious City Climate Plans – with direct monitoring and financial support from the EU.
The new Trump presidency might now signal a U-turn in the United States’ international climate policies.
In order to secure growth and jobs, Europe needs a new growth model built on developing emerging sectors with high value added. But in which sectors can Europe grow, and what economic policies would work?
Maroš Šefčovič, Vice-President for Energy Union at the European Commission, delivered the closing keynote speech at Bruegel's Annual Meetings on 7 September 2016.
Die europäische Perspektive ist für den Erfolg der deutschen Energiewende entscheidend. Doch die europäischen Partner werden nicht einfach die deutschen Ziele und Politikinstrumente übernehmen. Ist eine Energieunion die Lösung?
The current unsustainable use of our environment can lead to financial crisis. To address this risk, financial institutions should measure their exposure to ecological imbalances using methodologies such as carbon and natural capital accounting.
Speech held at Bruegel event on "How will the Paris agreement impact EU climate and energy policies?", on 8 February 2016.
Extreme climate events related to global warming will happen somewhat randomly and could have a huge cost for the most vulnerable countries. A global climate risk pool, with contributions from all countries, could help these vulnerable countries to recover from such events and might thus smooth the way towards a broader climate deal.
As the COP21 conference approaches, what are the political and economic considerations?
What’s at stake: France will chair and host the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP21) at the end of the year. While the scientific community has reached a consensus that climate-warming trends are very likely due to human activities, the discussion about how to address is mired in huge political disagreements.