Member of the Board
Economist with long experience of policy making. She was a Deputy Governor of the Bank of England and a member of the Monetary Policy Committee between 2003 and 2008.
Previously she was a senior civil servant, who headed three UK government departments. In her earlier career she worked at the World Bank in Washington and at HM Treasury.
She is currently a non‐executive director of several financial and non‐financial companies, including HSBC Holdings, and Heathrow Airport. She is President of the Institute of Fiscal Studies (IFS), a trustee of Imperial College London, a director of City UK and Chair of the International Regulatory Strategy Group. She was educated at Cambridge University and the London School of Economics.