Past Event

Better policies for people on the move

This event discussed the impact and integration of migrants as well as national and European immigration policy challenges.

Date: December 13, 2017, 11:00 am Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance

video recording


This event has been made possible with the kind support of the MasterCard Center for Inclusive Growth.

event material

Report: People on the move: migration and mobility in the European Union by Uuriintuya Batsaikhan, Zsolt Darvas and Inês Gonçalves Raposo

Presentation by Zsolt Darvas

SUMMARY

Session 1: Impact and integration of migrants in the European Union

The impact of migration is as positive as the success of integration policies. There is no “one-size fits all” policy – transferring best practices across countries is in itself rather challenging due to institutional, cultural and economic differences. Nonetheless, there are ten points that can be withdrawn from the discussion:

  1. A European identity document for migrants and refugees linked to a pan-european registry would tackle the current problem of unidentified migration.
  2. Early access to integration measures has been shown to have a lasting positive effect. Therefore, early intervention through e.g. language training should be prioritized.
  3. Linguistic policies should be tailored to the linguistic distances between immigrant languages and the host country and involve not only the migrant worker but all his or her surrounding community.
  4. The employers are often left aside from the integration discussion. Providing support to employers in tackling obstacles such as complex bureaucracy can facilitate hiring of migrants.
  5. Labour market integration is an investment without an immediate payoff. Having a long-term perspective is crucial to avoid wasted potential.
  6. Legal acceptance and later labour market integration is highly conditional on the type for immigration – from asylum, subsidiary protection to humanitarian reasons. The “gate of entry gap” needs to be addressed through tailoring integration policies to the different types of migrants.
  7. Provide sensitivity training to the native-born, focusing on issues such as non-verbal communication, can improve openness and reception of immigrants.
  8. Changing mindsets is no easy task. Acknowledging that European citizens have behind them centuries of years of net emigration and only recently the figures have changed may be a first step for lining perceptions.
  9. Financial literacy policies play an important role in fostering financial inclusion of migrants.
  10. Partnerships for the development of origin third-countries are key.

Events notes by Inês Goncalves Raposo, Research Assistant. 

Session 2: National and European immigration policy challenges

While the term migration in the EU naturally encompasses both intra-EU mobility as well as the movement of individuals to/from third countries, the current debate mainly focuses on the inflow of migrants and refugees from the Middle East and Africa. Against this background, the discussion aimed at challenges faced by regions, member states and the EU institutions and a potential way forward to manage the consequences of the recent inflows and to create a more resilient system for the future. Broadly, the key areas discussed comprise Schengen/Dublin regulation, integration and third country cooperation.

With Schengen and Dublin regulation effectively suspended the system needs to be redesigned
• Create legal possibilities for migration to EU (e.g. sponsorships, circular migration)
• Provide sufficient resources and infrastructure to safeguard external borders and avoid intra-EU border controls; reforms are made (Frontex, EURODAC), but additional measures/instruments are necessary with great potential for technology
• Redistribution of migrants (voluntarily or mandatory?) requires solidarity of all member states
• Increase efficiency of asylum application processes and returns of individuals
• Improve coordination (information flows, procurement, resources) between member states and EU as well as clearly define responsibilities and chain of command
Integration requires EU-level, national and regional strategies and funding
• Ensure migrants and refugees have legal (digital?) ID which facilitates access to labour market and financial inclusion
• Teach language and vocational skills demanded by the labour market in cooperation with private sector
• Foster exchange of best practices within EU/globally; lack of national experience?
• Identify potential areas of EU funding; communicate available facilities and allow easy access; flexible allocation of resources depending on changes in demands
Cooperation with EU neighbourhood and international community
• Tackle causes of displacement and mass migration; no effective short-term solutions, but long-term efforts and investment necessary
• Collaborate with United Nations to develop comprehensive strategies with all countries

Events notes by David Pichler, Research Assistant. 

Schedule

Dec 13, 2017

10:30-11:00

Check-in and welcome coffee

11:00-12:45

Session 1: Impact and integration of migrants in the European Union

Chair: Maria Demertzis, Deputy Director

Zsolt Darvas, Senior Fellow

Eva Degler, Policy analyst, Employment, Labour and Social Affairs Directorate, OECD

Arjen Leerkes, Associate Professor, Sociology Department, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Rainer Münz, Special adviser on migration and demography at the European Political Strategy Centre (EPSC)

Alessandra Venturini, Deputy Director Migration Policy Center, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute (EUI)

12:45-13:30

Lunch

13:30-14:45

Session 2: National and European immigration policy challenges

Chair: Guntram B. Wolff, Director

Manu Bhardwaj, Vice President for Research and Insights, Mastercard Center for Inclusive Growth

Elizabeth Collett, Director of Migration Policy Institute Europe

Matthias Oel, Director for Migration, Mobility and Innovation, European Commission, DG HOME

14:45

End

Speakers

Manu Bhardwaj

Vice President for Research and Insights, Mastercard Center for Inclusive Growth

Elizabeth Collett

Director of Migration Policy Institute Europe

Zsolt Darvas

Senior Fellow

Eva Degler

Policy analyst, Employment, Labour and Social Affairs Directorate, OECD

Maria Demertzis

Deputy Director

Arjen Leerkes

Associate Professor, Sociology Department, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Rainer Münz

Special adviser on migration and demography at the European Political Strategy Centre (EPSC)

Matthias Oel

Director for Migration, Mobility and Innovation, European Commission, DG HOME

Alessandra Venturini

Deputy Director Migration Policy Center, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute (EUI)

Guntram B. Wolff

Director

Location & Contact

Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels

Matilda Sevon

matilda.sevon@bruegel.org

Read about event More on this topic

Past Event

Past Event

Spitzenkandidaten series: Frans Timmermans

The sixth event in the The Road to Europe - Brussels Briefing Live: Spitzenkandidaten series. The series features the lead candidates for the European Elections of six parties and is jointly organised by Bruegel and the Financial Times in March and April 2019.

Speakers: Mehreen Khan, André Sapir and Frans Timmermans Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: April 11, 2019
Read about event More on this topic

Past Event

Past Event

Spitzenkandidaten series: Manfred Weber

The fifth event in the The Road to Europe - Brussels Briefing Live: Spitzenkandidaten series. The series features the lead candidates for the European Elections of six parties and is jointly organised by Bruegel and the Financial Times in March and April 2019.

Speakers: Anne-Sylvaine Chassany, Manfred Weber and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: April 9, 2019
Read about event More on this topic

Past Event

Past Event

Spitzenkandidaten series: Jan Zahradil

The fourth event in the The Road to Europe - Brussels Briefing Live: Spitzenkandidaten series. The series features the lead candidates for the European Elections of six parties and is jointly organised by Bruegel and the Financial Times in March and April 2019.

Speakers: Jim Brunsden, Maria Demertzis and Jan Zahradil Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: April 4, 2019
Read about event More on this topic

Past Event

Past Event

Spitzenkandidaten series: Luis Garicano

The third event in the The Road to Europe - Brussels Briefing Live: Spitzenkandidaten series. The series features the lead candidates for the European Elections of six parties and is jointly organised by Bruegel and the Financial Times in March and April 2019.

Speakers: Luis Garicano, Mehreen Khan and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: April 3, 2019
Read about event More on this topic

Past Event

Past Event

Spitzenkandidaten series: Bas Eickhout

The second event in the The Road to Europe - Brussels Briefing Live: Spitzenkandidaten series. The series features the lead candidates for the European Elections of six parties and is jointly organised by Bruegel and the Financial Times in March and April 2019.

Speakers: Bas Eickhout, Guntram B. Wolff and Rochelle Toplensky Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: April 2, 2019
Read article More on this topic

Blog Post

Considering intra-EU migration and countries’ net inflows

The authors here review the latest EU migration figures. Southern, eastern, and central Europe have broadly experienced net losses in cumulative intra-EU migration, while western and northern Europe have experienced gains. Spain and Italy, however, have still experienced gains in net migration inflows.

By: Jan Mazza and Akira Soto Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: March 28, 2019
Read about event More on this topic

Past Event

Past Event

Rethinking industrial policy in the digital age: challenges for Europe

All-day conference about how the European policy-making will have to adapt to the digital transformation.

Speakers: Philipp-Bastian Brutscher, Teunis Brosens, Maarten Camps, Lise Fuhr, Padmashree Gehl Sampath, Andreas Geiss, Tony Graziano, Mathew Heim, Thorsten Käseberg, Thomas Kramler, Robert Kroplewski, Timothy Lamb, J. Scott Marcus, Philip Marsden, Jan Mischke, Joakim Reiter, Megan Richards, Valentino Rossi, Marietje Schaake, Reinhilde Veugelers, Guntram B. Wolff and Georg Zachmann Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: March 21, 2019
Read about event More on this topic

Past Event

Past Event

A new climate strategy for the EU

At a pivotal point in time, three major EU sides come together to discuss the future climate strategy.

Speakers: Silke Karcher, Andrei Marcu, Raffaele Mauro Petriccione, Kathleen Van Brempt and Georg Zachmann Topic: Energy & Climate Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: March 19, 2019
Read about event More on this topic

Past Event

Past Event

Law and macroeconomics: legal responses to recessions

This event will feature an academic lecture on the use of law as a macroeconomic tool.

Speakers: Yair Listokin and Maria Demertzis Topic: Global Economics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: March 12, 2019
Read article More on this topic More by this author

Podcast

Podcast

Backstage: Reforming the European asylum system

This episode of 'The Sound of Economics' features Bruegel visiting fellow Elina Ribakova in conversation with Marc-Olivier Padis and Jean-Paul Tran Thiet about the reform of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS).

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: March 7, 2019
Read about event More on this topic

Past Event

Past Event

Saving the right to asylum

How to improve the European asylum policy?

Speakers: Karen Mets, Nicolas Bauquet, Marc-Olivier Padis, Elina Ribakova, Jean-Paul Tran Thiet and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: March 5, 2019
Read about event More on this topic

Past Event

Past Event

Diverging narratives: European policies and national perceptions

Who tends to get the blame for the Euro crisis in national media? What do national politicians think about the EU and EMU?

Speakers: Pierre Boyer, Juha Pekka Nurvala, Giuseppe Porcaro and Laura Shields Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: February 27, 2019
Load more posts